The importance of non-motorised transport in traffic planning is high. On average, Berliners undertake 44 percent of their travel on foot or by bike. In order to accommodate this, Berlin is focussing on its pedestrian and cycle network strategies. The Berlin Mobility Act came into effect in 2018, and is the first mobility law in Germany which aims to create safer, more reliable and environmentally friendlier mobility of the future in the capital.
Facts and figures
- Each Berliner covers 3.7 routes per day, spending around 80 minutes on transport.
- In comparison to other cities, Berlin has a significantly lower rate of vehicle ownership.
- The number of routes covered by bicycle continues to grow, while the use of cars has slowly declined since 1998.
- In Berlin, more travel is done by foot than by car.
(Sources: Mobilität in Städten – SrV 2018; Mobilität der Stadt - Berliner Verkehr in Zahlen 2017)
With public transport
Berlin has an excellent public transport network. The underground trains, suburban railways, regional trains, trams and buses have a network length of more than 2,000 km with more than 3,300 stops. Almost 80 percent of underground train, suburban railway and regional train stations are wheelchair-accessible, around 75 percent of stations have guiding systems for the visually impaired. More than 1.1 billion passengers use Berlin’s transport network each year, and 485 million passengers use the suburban railway.
Berlin is well-connected by train both nationally and internationally. Many large European economic centres can be quickly reached via Europe’s largest tower station, the Hauptbahnhof. Numerous towns in Brandenburg are regularly linked to the capital via regional express lines. In 2017, the high-speed railway line between Berlin and Munich was put into operation.
- Suburban railway
485 million passengers, 16 lines, line length 340 km, 168 stations, 650 two-car trainsets
- Underground train
roughly 600 million passengers, 10 lines; line length: 153 km (day), 173 stations, 8 night lines with 142 km
466 million passengers (including drivers), 159 lines, 6.511 directional stops, 64 night lines (including Metro lines)
208 million passengers, 22 lines; line length 300 km (day), 803 directional stops, 9 night lines (Metro lines) with 109 km
(Sources: Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe, 2020; S-Bahn Berlin GmbH, 2020; Verkehrsverbund Berlin-Brandenburg, 2016)
A close-knit network of cycle paths and routes presents an attractive option for cyclists in Berlin. More than 1,000 km of cycle paths are available for cyclists. Ongoing traffic counts show an increase in bicycle traffic in many areas over recent years. Almost 21 million cyclists were accounted for in 2018. This corresponds to growth of around 9 percent compared to the previous year.
(Source: Tagesspiegel 2018)
By electric scooter
Since mid-2019, electric scooters have been taking Berlin by storm. Users of electric scooters travel short distances, covering 1.8 to 2.8 kilometres on average. Scooters are primarily used in the city centre.
Carsharing services in Berlin make it easy to get about without owning your own car. Around 3,000 vehicles (as of 2017) make up the street scene in Berlin’s central areas. Free-floating carsharing with no fixed stations make up around 80 percent of vehicles. Corporate carsharing is particularly suitable for managing mobility requirements that are difficult to plan. Corporate carsharing can reduce the process costs associated with vehicle management for smaller companies. The same applies to the management of larger companies who do not need to rent parking spaces in inner-city areas.
Road traffic figures
- 5,477 km of public road networks
- A total of 77 km state motorway
- Approx. 1.4 million vehicles registered in Berlin
- Approx. 3.15 million vehicles registered in Berlin-Brandenburg
- Management of more than 100,000 parking spaces in 48 parking zones in public streets
(Sources: Bundesverband CarSharing 2017; Amt für Statistik Berlin Brandenburg, 2019 - Version dated: 2018)
The aviation location of Berlin is of great importance for the capital. For the year 2018, Berlin’s Tegel and Schönefeld airports showed an increase of 4.2 percent. Both airports accommodated 34.7 million passengers in total. The number of aircraft movements increased by 6.6 percent and culminated in 293,247 takeoffs and landings. Both airports handled 40,205 tonnes in the cargo sector.
With the opening of the BER, the region’s air traffic is concentrated at the Schönefeld location. Increased passenger and freight volume can be viewed positively from 2020 as a result.
(Sources: airliners.de, 2018)